Radial head fractures are frequent in individuals between 30-40 years of age, and particularly women who are active in recreational and competitive sports.
Congenital radial head dislocation ensues with a bilateral malformation of the radio-capitellar joint including a shorter development of the ulna causing abnormality of the radio-ulnar joint. However, most common causes leading to radial head fracture result from trauma and include:
Fall on the outstretched arm with or without elbow dislocation
Direct blow to the elbow in high impact sports
Motor vehicle accidents