Traumatic events involving high energy are the main cause of a hip dislocation. The impact is usually applied directly to the hip as it occurs with a fall from a significant height, high velocity motor vehicle accidents or falls during contact sports.
In children a hip dislocation does not require a high force but can affect the integrity of the growth plates (epiphysis) of the femur. In the young population this pathology is rare but is frequently observed in risk-taking individuals. The main causes are:
High-speed motor vehicle accidents (2/3 of all dislocations; 70%)
Falls from significant height / high velocity onto the hip