Definition

Osteoarthritis of the wrist is a degenerative condition resulting in progressive wear of the wrist joints. It is also called arthrosis as opposed to arthritis, which implies the involvement of an inflammatory process.

Definition

The ulnar nerve entrapment is a common condition caused by compression of the ulnar nerve. It results in numbness and pain in the hand, particularly in the ulnar aspect of the ring and little fingers and the medial side of the wrist.

Trochanteric bursitis is the inflammation of the bursa, a fluid filled sack that is located on the great trochanter of the femur, beneath the tendons and muscles of the buttocks.

Definition

Trigger finger and trigger thumb consist in the altered movement causing an involuntary catching when flexing the finger towards the palm. In severe cases the fingers are locked in a flexed position and cannot be straightened.

Definition

The triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) is a bundle of ligaments that connects the radius and ulna with the carpal bones of the wrist. The TFCC is often subject to traumatic injuries and ligament degeneration compromising the movement of the wrist.

Definition

The thumb is formed by the metacarpal bone, the proximal and distal phalanges. A thumb fracture can occur in any of these three bones.

Thigh nerve entrapment is a neuropathy caused by the compression of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, which provides sensation to the outer thigh. The condition is also termed meralgia paraesthetica (from ancient Greek: meros = thigh; algos = pain) or Bernhardt-Roth Syndrome as firstly described by Bernhardt in 1878.

Definition

Tennis elbow refers to pathology of the extensor tendon located on the outer side of the elbow causing significant pain. The medical term is 'lateral epicondylitis'. It is most frequent in tennis players, explaining the common name of this pathology.

Definition

A swan neck deformity is defined as an alteration in the alignment of two joints at the proximal and distal phalanges of the finger conferring a typical swan neck shape.

Definition

Subacromial bursitis consists in the inflammation and swelling of the bursa located beneath the acromion. It is a frequent pathology causing tenderness and restriction of the shoulder movement.

Definition

Sprained thumb, also named skier™s thumb, is the injury to the ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) of the thumb caused by excessive strain.

The terms referring to these pathologies derive from ancient Greek. Spondylolysis sphondylos + lysis (vertebrae + rupture) and Spondylolisthesis sphondylos + olisthanein (vertebrae + falling) mean respectively, the fracture and ;the forward displacement of one vertebra relative the vertebra below.

Herniation of the intervertebral disk “ also named disk prolapse, ruptured disk or slipped disk “ occurs when the gelatinous content of the disk protrudes towards or outside the rim of the disk.

A snapping hip syndrome consists in a sound or crack sensation arising during hip motion.

Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is a condition affecting teenagers whereby the growth plate of the femoral head (capital femoral epiphysis) slides backwards.

Definition

Osteoarthritis or arthritis of the shoulder is a degenerative condition caused by chronic inflammation of the shoulder joints, the acromioclavicular and/or the gleno-humeral joint, which lead to severe pain and loss of function.

Definition

A shoulder impingement syndrome, also named subacromial impingement, refers to the painful compression of the tendons of the rotator cuff and the subacromial bursa against the acromion when raising the arm.

Definition

A rotator cuff tear consists in the rupture of one or more tendons forming the rotator cuff of the shoulder.

Definition

Fractures of the proximal humerus involve a break of the large upper portion of the arm bone close to the shoulder joint.

Definition

The instability of the shoulder consists of the shoulder joint being too loose thus increasing the risk of the humerus head to slip out of the socket and dislocate.

Definition

Due to the significant wide range of movement (close to 360º) and complex anatomy, the shoulder is subject to a number of pathologies. A shoulder dislocation occurs when the humerus head is forced out of the shoulder socket - the glenoid.

Definition

Osteoarthritis or arthritis of the acromioclavicular joint is a degenerative condition caused by chronic inflammation, which leads to severe pain and loss of function.

Definition

A scaphoid fracture consists of a break of one of the four proximal carpal bones of the wrist located between the radius and the thumb.

This pathology is a also named Santa syndrome... Ho Ho!The terms referring to these pathologies derive from ancient Greek. Spondylolysis sphondylos + lysis (vertebrae + rupture) and Spondylolisthesis sphondylos + olisthanein (vertebrae + falling) mean respectively, the fracture and ;the forward displacement of one vertebra relative the vertebra below.

Definition

Radial head fractures occur at the proximal end or head of the radius, one of the forearm bones that articulates with the distal humerus to form the elbow  joint.

A fracture of the proximal femur also named hip fracture, consists in the break of the upper segment of the femur bone in proximity of the pelvic socket, the acetabulum. ;

Definition

A fracture of the olecranon consists of a break of the proximal end of the ulna, which forms the tip of the elbow. This is the protruding bone easily felt when bending the forearm.

Definition

Olecranon bursitis, commonly called elbow bursitis, consists of the inflammation and collection of fluid in the bursa, a fluid-containing membrane located under the skin at the posterior end of the elbow above the olecranon.

Definition

A fracture of the metacarpal bone involves any of the five elongated, tubular bones located in the palm of the hand, between the carpal bones and the phalanges.

Definition

A mallet finger is the inability to straighten the distal phalange of a finger. This condition may lead to a deformity of the phalange, which remains permanently bent towards the palm.

Definition

Bicipital or biceps tendonitis refers to the inflammation of the tendon that connects the upper biceps with the shoulder.

Definition

SLAP is the abbreviated term for Superior Labral Anterior to Posterior tear and refers to a damage to the glenoid labrum occurring from the anterior to the posterior side.

Definition

Kienböck's disease is a condition of the wrist caused by the degeneration of the carpal bone, lunate. This leads to pain and stiffness of the wrist.

Definition

Osteitis pubis, simply named inflammation of the symphysis pubis, is an inflammatory condition of the joint between the two pubic bones also involving the insertion of the surrounding muscles.

Definition

Sacroiliitis refers to the inflammation of the sacro-iliac joint, which connects the iliac bone on each side of the pelvis to the sacral spine.

Osteoarthritis of the hip is a degenerative condition of the hip joint, which progressively leads to loss of articular cartilage of the femoral head and acetabulum.

Hip dysplasia, also named acetabular dysplasia or shallow hip pocket, is a malformation of the ball and socket forming the hip joint that interferes with the normal function of the hip.

The dislocation of the hip occurs when the femoral head forcefully exits the pelvic socket or acetabulum. It can be of congenital or occur from trauma ;with the first being described in the pathology ;hip dysplasia.